ISO 14001:2015 Audit Checklists – Required for Effective Environment Management System Audit

Before conducting an environmental management system audit to ISO 14001, you may be looking for some kind of an ISO 14001 audit checklist. ISO 14001:2015 Audit Checklist is a systematic, documented verification process of objectively obtaining and evaluating audit evidence to determine whether an organization’s EMS conforms with the EMS audit criteria, and communicating the results of this process to the client. ISO 14001 audit criteria are defined as the policies practices procedures or requirements.


ISO 14001:2015 Audit Checklist
The ISO 14001 Audit should focus on the environmental objectives and action plans of the organisations to allow problem are as to be identified so that remedial action can be taken. The audit is a means of assisting managers at all levels to improve the performance of the operations under their control. It is not a check on how well people are doing their job!

In other words, within the overall environmental management system, ISO 14001 audit checklists are used to determine whether environmental management activities conform to the stated program, whether these activities are effectively implemented, and how effective the environmental management system is in fulfilling the environmental policy.

ISO 14001:2015 Audit Checklist for environment management system certification contains department wise as well as ISO 14001:2015 requirement wise audit questionnaire. The department wise ISO 14001 Audit Checklists include audit questions for 11 departments of the organization. And, the ISO 14001 clause-wise audit checklist covers the entire ISO 14001:2015 requirements for each clauses and sub clauses as per the list given below.

Department wise ISO 14001:2015 Audit Checklist

  • M. R. & General Procedures
  • Environmental Control and EMS coordinator
  • Marketing
  • Production Areas
  • Engineering (Utility and Maintenance)
  • Purchase
  • Stores (Raw Material and Spares)
  • Packing and Dispatch
  • Administrations and Training
  • Research and Development
  • Top Management.
Advertisements

What Should Organization Do for Successful ISO 14001 System Implementation?

ISO 14001 is the standard used as a framework for configuration and maintenance of an environmental management system that meets specific requirements. ISO 14001 Certification is beneficial for the following reasons:

  • Proof of the organisation’s compliance with the requirements of ISO 14001.
  • Shows clients and business partners that the organisation is committed to responsible environmental practices.
  • Shows commitment to reduce environmental impact and to ensure sustainability of practices.
  • It provides the organization with a competitive advantage over companies that do not have ISO 14001 certification.

Compliance with the standard has many key benefits. It helps the organization to use resources efficiently and reduce the impact on the environment by reducing waste and responsible use of resources. Improving environmental performance leads to a higher level of public trust. An environmental management system that compliance with the requirements of ISO 14001 makes it possible for the organisation to identify, monitor, control, and manage issues related to the environment in a sustainable way.

More emphasis is placed on the involvement of top management, proper leadership, and inclusion of environmental management policies in the organisation’s strategic focus. Compliant companies commit to ongoing improvement of their environmental management including, for instance, the implementation of recycling processes. Compliant enterprises benefit from improved financial performance, reduced costs, increase in employee motivation, better standing in their communities, and reduced impact on the environment.

A systematic approach is followed regarding environmental performance. This ensures a well-documented audit trail regarding the organisation’s processes. The Plan-Do-Check-Act approach is followed, which ensures continues environmental performance improvements.

The objectives, targets, and plans must be well documented and responsibilities must be clearly assigned. ISO 14001 awareness training, in addition to training in the relevant legislation, setting up of the ISO 14001 environmental management system, internal audit training, and risk management relevant to the environment should be priorities.

Measurement must be done against the environmental impacts that the organisation identified. Performance must be well documented. There must be procedures in place for evaluation and correction of non-conformities. The records must be stored correctly, and be retrievable and be accessible. Regular ISO 14001 internal audits are necessary to help keep the organisation on track, even after certification has been done. Implementation of such an environmental management system can only be successful if the top management stays committed to the process, if the implementation and requirements are communicated, if employees are trained adequately, and if proper record-keeping practices stay in place.

 

Key Points to Take Care While Developing an Environment Management System

The Environment Management System (EMS) refers to a system used by an Organisation to manage its activities, product or services in such a way to minimize or eliminate the adverse impacts on environment. More explicitly, the EMS is that part of the overall management system viz. organizational structure, planning activities, responsibilities, practices, procedures, processes and resources which are necessary for developing, implementing, reviewing and maintaining the organisation’s environmental policy.

The Environmental Management System is a manual system consisting of three components namely:

I. Design or development of elements of EMS
II. Documentation and
III. Implementation

The organisation with any type and size may develop its own Environmental Management System to address environmental issues arising out of its activities, products and services. The environments elements of such an organization system may be decided by the organisation itself depending upon the requirements. The main purpose of the organizations’ environment management system has to be designed and developed is that the system may be functioning well to enhance the environmental performance. The ISO 14001:2015 certification of EMS as per specification recognized standards has been introduced.

The International Organisation for Standardization (ISO) has developed comprehensive ISO 14000 series of standards for Environmental Management system. Identical to this ISO 14001 standard, British standards (BS EN ISO 14001: 1996) are also developed. An organisation can develop EMS as per these specifications and guidelines.

There are some primary requirements while developing effective Environmental Management System, which are as per bellow:

  • Must be based on control of causes, not impact reactive
  • Must address all management elements of control
  • Must address Normal / Abnormal / Emergency conditions
  • Must have measurable parameters
  • Must be goal driven
  • Must be relevant to aspects
  • Must involve all
  • Must promote continual improvement
  • Management and not control / eradication
  • EMS is managing risks (aspects)
  • The essence of aspect management is to avoid high aspects, manage medium aspects and live with low aspects.

Key Aspect of ISO 14001 Environmental Management Systems

Organizations of all kinds are increasingly concerned with achieving and demonstrating sound environmental performance by controlling the impact of their activities, products, or services on the environment, taking into account their environmental policy and objectives. They do so in the context of increasingly stringent legislation, the development of economic policies and other measures to foster environmental protection, and a general growth of concern from interested parties about environmental matters including sustainable development. It was based upon the ISO 9000 family of specifications, so if you are family with the terms and structure of ISO9001, you will readily grasp ISO14001.

The Key Aspects of ISO14001:-

  • Flexible and non prescriptive,
  • Can use existing environmental programs and systems,
  • Pushes continual improvement,
  • Encourages cost saving by integrating environmental requirements into the overall company systems and
  • Can provide a substantial market advantage.

The Environmental Management System (EMS) document is the central document that describes the interaction of the core elements of the system, and provides a third-party auditor with the key information necessary to understand the environmental management systems in-place at the company. Consistent with the principles of ISO14001, the Environmental Policy and Environmental Aspects or impacts analysis, including legal & other requirements, shape the program by influencing the selection of specific measurable environmental goals, objectives, & targets. Specific programs and or projects must then be developed to achieve these environmental goals, objectives, & targets. The checking & corrective action elements of the system help ensure continuous improvement by addressing root causes on non-conformances. The ongoing management review of the EMS and its elements helps to ensure continuing suitability, adequacy, & effectiveness of the program.

Advantages of ISO 14001 Environment Management System:-

Implementation of proper Environmental Management System as per requirement of ISO 14001:2004 standard includes documentation of all procedures and processes, including operational and documentation control, the establishment of emergency procedures and responses, and the communication with employees, to ensure they can competently implement the necessary processes and record results. ISO 14001 Environmental Management can be a very effective ISO 14001 Certification   tool to identify these cost savings opportunities for some organizations. Some other organizations can falter in its planning, lack of senior management commitment and poor understanding of how it should be implemented and find themselves managing an ineffective ISO 14001 EMS Certification. Among the key benefits of the ISO 14001 EMS Certification standard some of as follows:

  • Minimizing the risk of regulatory and environmental liability fines.
  • Improving an organization’s efficiency Increases customer satisfaction and retention.
  • Reduction of waste and consumption of resources.
  • Reduce operating costs.
  • Increase long term viability of businesses.
  • Identification of possible areas which can save costs such as recycling, landfill costs, utilities.
  • Positive response from investors, lenders & insurers.
  • Provides competitive advantage against companies that do not adopt the standard.

Regulations of Environmental Management System – ISO 14001

The International Standards Organization release ISO 14001, a proposed, voluntary environmental management system. ISO 14001 applies to organizations with an environmental policy already in situ and supported by management. Predicated on a preliminary audit of environmental systems in situ and a review of current results, EMS 14001 seeks to clarify the relation between the organization and public policy, and establishes procedures, work directions and controls to confirm that implementation of the policy and accomplishment of the target will become a reality.

EMS 14001 Compliant Policies

An organization moves toward compliant environmental management system with a press release of policy. The organization, usually a community, adopts a policy that commits the organization to institute and perform procedures and practices that move the organization unendingly toward EMS 14001 compliant environmental management to forestall pollution, improve environmental performance, win an institutional understanding of relevant environmental statutes and laws, and superintend the accomplishment of those policies and goals.

EMS 14001 Achievement Objectives

The EMS 14001 requirements the organization to spot all elements, whether or not presently regulated or not, of the organization’s activities, product and services that may impact the atmosphere. It needs the organization to line performance objectives and targets for the organization’s environmental management system. These ought to articulate policy objectives: “prevention of pollution, continual improvement and compliance. On a sensible level, EMS 14001 compliance includes achieving an environmentally aware structure population, coaching workers in environmental practices, policies and numerous suggests that of accomplishment of feat and establishing specific metrics to live the achievement of objectives and targets.

Analyzing Achievement

EMS 14001 establishes numerous suggests that of assessing performance of policy objectives. It establishes a periodic audit programme that reviews the organization’s EMS operations. It establishes a policy of preventive and remedial actions in response to compliance failures, and establishes suggests that of sporadically reviewing the organization’s compliance with environmental laws. It additionally establishes periodic reviews of the performance of high-ranking and top-ranking management with regard to the policy goals of EMS 14001, and proposes suggests that of rising performance once required.

Benefits of ISO 14001 Compliant EMS

However voluntary EMS compliance improves an organization’s environmental performance and ensures that it understands and may win compliance with relevant environmental laws. It provides a framework for pollution hindrance, and promotes consistent accomplishment. It attracts attention to scarce resources and encourages property management. It promotes public awareness and approval of systems that manage the atmosphere.

How to Build an ISO 14001 Environmental Management System

iso 14001 environmental management SystemAn ISO 14001 Environmental Management System suggests that a corporation addresses immediate and long impacts of its product, services and processes on the environment. It involves the allocation of resources, assignment of responsibility and in progress analysis of ISO 14001 procedures, practices and processes with reference to environmental impact. It involves developing, implementing and maintaining policy for environmental protection and it focuses on continuous improvement.

Develop an ISO 14001 environmental policy statement for the organization. This can be a declaration of the organization’s commitment to the setting and continual improvement of environmental practices. A literate environmental policy statement clearly outlines wherever a corporation stands on environmental matters for all stakeholders.

Develop ISO 14001 procedures for implementing the organizations environmental policy statement that involves characteristic of environmental impacts, which ensuing from the organization’s activities. Several organizations integrate the EMS into a quality and OH&S management systems that increase quality, economic, safety and social performance with environmental performance.

Develop measurable objectives and targets for the environmental management plan relating to environmental impact. Measurable objectives and targets can offer a method for evaluating results and characteristic areas for improvement. This can be a measurable objective and therefore the company can frequently obtain ways to enhance on this objective.

Allocate resources and assign responsibilities for implementing the environmental management plan. Train workers on specific job duties relating to their environmental responsibilities. To be effective, the environmental management plan should be integrated into the organization’s operational processes. For instance, utilization will be enforced where attainable and workers will be trained on correct waste disposal techniques, i.e., separating venturous waste materials from lowland materials.

Review and analyze the results of the environmental management commit to determine areas for improvement. The review and analysis are continuous method. Reports are provided on a periodic basis that shows the results of the set up for achieving the measurable objectives and targets, and changes to procedures ought to be created as required to enhance results.